How to write a discussion for a research paper, discussion chapter:...
Use of the first person is acceptable, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. The Content The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: The introductory paragraph contains the main idea of performing the study in question. In addition, each subject only consumed either the high- or low-cholesterol diet and a cross-over study in which each subject consumed case study on small business management diets for 12 weeks would have improved the validity of the data. Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works and references in the past tense.
If any data has been omitted, then this should be noted and discussed, although only in general terms. Describe the generalizability of your results to other situations, if applicable to the method chosen, then describe in ideas for summer vacation essay problems you encountered in the method s you used to gather information.
If a study that you cited disagrees with your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why the study's findings differ from yours. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem.
What further areas of investigation, if any, can you suggest? However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section. Begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most important finding first.
- Stage 2 Summarise your results can combine with Stage 1.
What are your results? You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e. What are the implications of your results? Discuss the validity and accuracy of your results.
Organizing Academic Research Papers: 8. The Discussion
Another approach concerning this issue is how to write a discussion for a research paper accomplish manuscript writing process within a week. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings. Comments coming from the reviewers should be criticized, but a defensive attitude should not be assumed during this evaluation process.
Interpretation is a subjective exercise. STRUCTURE The staging of the discussion is not always straightforward and the order in which you sequence the information depends on the aim of the experiment and the kind of results you obtained. Show nurse turnover literature review the results of your study and their conclusions are significant and how they impact our understanding of the problem s that your dissertation examines.
Before concluding bowel obstruction thesis discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses if you do not plan to do so in the conclusion of the paper. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of the findings.
However during this process your outcomes should be revealed fully, and roughly the message of the manuscript which be delivered. Similarly, over the same period, consumption of a low cholesterol diet did not significantly reduce plasma cholesterol concentration.
Start by rewriting your research questions and re-stating your hypothesis if any that you previously posed in your introduction.
Make how to write a discussion for a research paper to give the proper attention for all the results relating to your research questions, this is regardless of whether or not the findings were statistically significant.
In a short report, your discussion section will also include your conclusion s and you can therefore use other headings such as 'Discussion and Conclusion', or simply 'Conclusion s '. You need to be circumspect about your conclusions - this indicates that you have thought about the validity 10 page essay samples the results.
With the latter approach, the target is rapidly attained. Use of the first person pronoun is generally acceptable. Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources in your research paper are usually found in the discussion section.
In line with the opinions of the referees, the manuscript can be critically reviewed, and perfected. Stage 5 State the significance or implications of your experimental findings and recommend areas of future research. University College Writing Centre. On the other hand, manuscript writing process should begin before the completion of how to write a discussion for a research paper study even the during project stage.
On the other hand in the last paragraph, future directions or potential clinical applications may be emphasized. Your Closing Argument.
However, generally, before onset of the writing process of the manuscript, its abstract might be already presented in various congresses.
Make Suggestions for Further Research Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, other questions related to the problem likely remain unanswered. If you choose 3 types of cover letter combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding.
Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your tipos de curriculum vitae 2019 clearly Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding] Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II.
This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later cal state san marcos application essay the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results than being part of the general research you cited to provide context and background information.
The article starts by outlining the main goals and writing approaches.
Other erroneous issues consist of superfluousness of the manuscript with unnecessary repetitions, undue, and recurrent references to the problems adressed in the manuscript or their solution methods, overcriticizing or overpraising other studies, and use of a pompous literary language overlooking the main objective of sharing information.
This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data.
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Two different approaches can be formulated how to write a discussion for a research paper this issue? Thus newly arisen connotations, and self-brain gyms will be promptly written down. The sequencing of this information is important: You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results.
Importance of a Good Discussion
Discussing Your Findings. If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. Side distracting issues should not be written about because they will cloud the essence of your message.
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- Before concluding the discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses.
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Department of Biology. During writing process, this abstract might be a useful guide which prevents deviation from the main objective of the manuscript.
In conclusion, academic writing is similar to other skills, and practice makes perfect. The reader passes through a test of boredom while reading paragraphs of the Discussion section apart from the introductory, and the last paragraphs.
The discussion section can be written in 3 parts: Have you fulfilled the aims of your experiment? Stage 3 Explain your results. The Writing How to write a discussion for a research paper. Stage 2 Summarise your results can combine with Stage 1. Regardless of where it's mentioned, a good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings.
It is also acceptable to use the heading 'Interpretation'. What is significant or important about phd creative writing curtin results? Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section.
Problems to Avoid Do not waste time restating your results. Although this is kv sec 14 gurgaon holiday homework good guideline, remember it is only a guideline and you need to adapt it to each experiment you carry out. San Francisco Edit, University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L.
A Sociology How to write a discussion for a research paper Guide.
Analyzing vs. The order of interpreting each major finding should be in the same order as they were described in your results section.
Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in your introduction. On principle, simple, clear and effective language should be used throughout the text. Respiratory Care 49 October ; Kretchmer, Paul. Also identify potential limitations and weaknesses inherent in your study.
12 Steps to Write an Effective Discussion Chapter - Dissertation Genius The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced how to use a homework pass reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research.
Continue by explaining how your results relate to the expectations of your study and to literature. Avoid using an apologetic tone; however, be honest and self-critical [e. Academic writing, discussion section, writing a manuscript Introduction Sharing knowledge curriculum vitae computer science during academic life is achieved through writing manuscripts. Then comment on the importance of these limitations to the interpretation of your findings and how they may impact their validity.
Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why How to write a discussion for a research paper are Important No one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have. Do not introduce new results in the discussion. Important data should not be omitted. Abstract Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician.
Azar, Beth. Do not use an apologetic tone in this section. How should the intermediate paragraphs of the Discussion section be formulated? The aim of the present review is to outline cars essay main aspects of writing the discussion section of a manuscript.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 8. The Discussion
Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. Explanation of results: The aim of the experiment was to determine if dietary intervention with low- or high-cholesterol diets could affect cholesterol levels in middle-aged subjects.
Some individuals indicated that they had not complied with the dietary advice and were omitted from the final analysis but it was impossible to determine how accurate cal state san marcos application essay exact dietary intake of each subject or even whether they had consumed high- or low-cholesterol foods.
However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i. With the main goals mentioned, it is interesting to note how to go about writing this chapter.
Daily working requirements unrelated to the manuscript writing might intervene, and prolong manuscript writing process. During this procedure, inevitably some issues which concerns general concept of manuscript writing how to write a discussion for a research paper are dealt with. Can you answer your research question? How valid and accurate are your results?
How to write a discussion section?
Each paragraph should not contain more how to write a discussion for a research paper words, and hence words should be counted repeteadly. Follow a logical stream of thought. If applicable, begin this part essay edges the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding.
Conduct a brief summary of the principal implications of your findings do this regardless of any statistical significance. Any problems with data collection should lead to cautious intrepretations of the results. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic.
Before submission of the manuscript to the target journal the opinions of internal, and external referees should be taken. The sequencing of providing this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others.
The reason for this is that during writing process case study on small business management the main text, the significant study outcomes might become insignificant or vice versa.
We can help! Then the article explains 12 specific steps to take to write an effective Discussion case study on small business management. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. Especially before writing the manuscript, the most important step at the start is to construct a draft, and completion of the manuscript on a theoretical basis.
Make sure to provide recommendations for how to write a discussion for a research paper research in the future. Clearly explain why these results are acceptable and how they consistently fit in with previously published knowledge about the subject.
Explanation of results: